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A branch of the life sciences that deals with the anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, or molecular biology of the brain, nerves and nervous tissue and especially with their relation to behavior and learning / The Congressional Neuroscience Caucus promotes a better understanding of how the brain develops, functions, and ages. It seeks to raise awareness about those afflicted with neurological disorders or mental illnesses.


Neuroscience is one of the scientific branches that studies the nervous system and all the essential elements that compose it.

Basically, it tries to explain all the processes in this system during any of the functions performed by humans. This fact means that neuroscientists are in charge of studying the brain in many different aspects.

Neuroscience: What is it?

It is the complete study of the entire nervous system, including what it is composed of and how it functions through various stimuli and situations.

That is, to study all brain functions from the explanation of other sciences such as biology, genetics, neurology, psychology, and computer science, among many others.

Types of neuroscience

As it is a very varied and detailed discipline, it is expected that a significant number of variations arise, among the most common we can find:

  • Neurogenetics.
  • Neurobiology.
  • Neuropsychiatry.
  • Behavioral neuroscience.
  • Educational Neuroscience.
  • Affective neuroscience.
  • Neurolinguistics.
  • Cultural Neuroscience.
  • Others.

The truth is that a long list of branches derives from neurosciences. However, these are the main and most studied ones.

Why do scientists dedicate themselves to the study of neuroscience?

The main organ involved in the study of neuroscience is the brain, and as we know, the brain is the primary controller of all body functions and the most relevant organ of the nervous system. This fact is why scientists have decided to practice their studies in this science.

Moreover, depending on the study group’s scientific approach, the importance of observing this system could be very varied.

The scientific community constantly considers the most relevant topics as an object of study revolving around sleep, memory, consciousness, and learning. That is why there are multiple phenomena and associated diseases that could be treated better.

Objects of study of neuroscience

Although they can be studied for various purposes, these are the most popular.


In this case, neuroscience seeks to explain all phenomena related to the neuronal base linked to consciousness.

This is why it seeks to explain our ability to take some experiences and relate them to our brains. Including, of course, the rules that establish these processes.

Memory and learning

These are considered among the most important topics to study in neuroscience, as they seek answers to the most common questions about the brain and its workings.

An example of this lies in the capacity to store memories, where they will remain, and how the brain can bring them back in case we need them.

This can even help us in improving known learning techniques.

Other derived disciplines

Currently, scientists have proven that neuroscience is not only linked to biological processes but is now a vital science in other branches. Psychology, medicine, and chemistry have all been able to benefit from the contributions of this science.

This science’s growth would significantly improve all the specialties that feed on its principles. Therefore, the development of this science becomes imperative within society. Both for understanding the brain and curing diseases of the mind.

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